Municipal corporations divide their lands into several zones. Land use and Zoning laws regulate the use of land for developmental purposes. Creating zones makes it easier to divide areas and develop them accordingly. Residential, Commercial and Industrial zones are prime examples of the zoning law. These zones are developed according to the requirements of its inhabitants. Each zone must be optimized by the local regulatory authority, to make sure everything is in order.
Residential zones are generally kept away from Industrial zones. If people start businesses in residential areas, it may create issues for the residents living there. Industries established close to residential areas might lead to pollution and diseases. Commercial activity near residential areas may also lead to an unsatisfactory environment for the people living there. These incompatible properties are thus separated legally by the municipal corporation.
Several federal laws establish standards that lead to zoning in certain areas. All states must abide by the Federal environmental laws, which are important in establishing zones within a district. In case a resident feels that creation of a zone takes away their constitutional rights, they have the right to file a complaint in court. Courts play an important role in defining the constitutional limits of these zones. In some cases, judges might make an exception to the zoning laws. For example, a religious building could be allowed to stand in a residential area, provided it does not create problems for the residents.
If you have any land use or zoning issues, it would be advisable to contact an experienced attorney. The attorney will assess your claim, and might be able to get you compensated for any unlawful zoning practices by the municipal department.